My book, Eczema and Atopic Dermatits: The Best Websites has recently been published. I've also had many articles published, but I'd like to write more non-fiction books and, of course, a novel!
My articles can be seen at many websites, including Life in Italy, Crescent Blues, Paris Eiffel Tower Newsletter, and France This Way.
Queen Victoria called the gypsies ‘a cruelly wronged people’
and showed them great sympathy. This was
because a family of gypsies once made a big impression on her when she was only
17 and staying at Claremont House in Surrey.
Here, she became somewhat friendly with the family. She sent food and baskets to one who gave
birth and praised the cleanliness of the newborn. She also drew them. She especially liked
drawing the formidable matriarch, Sarah Cooper. Her sketches have been
criticised as idealised and she described this family as ‘superior’ gypsies, because they were not like the 'fortune-telling, gossiping' ones, she thought. However, her attitude was arguably ahead of its time.
The young princess also often read and underlined The
Gypsies’ Advocate by James Crabb. This
was dedicated to judges and clergymen in the hope that they would develop a
more benevolent attitude to the Romany people.
Crabb helped gypsy children – he looked after some at home and paid for
their schooling – and established a committee with suggestions for reform.
Crabb became interested in changing opinions about the Romanies when he
witnessed a judge saying that he intended to execute horse-stealers, especially
gypsies, even after a convicted man pleaded for his life.
Queen Victoria tried to go out of her way to help the Cooper
family. She not only sent them gifts,
but she employed one of them, Matty Cooper, as her chief rat-catcher at Windsor
Castle. He used to lay them out on the
carpet at the castle, according to his grand-son. Her chief harpist was also a Romani.
King Henry grew increasingly horrified as he listened to the sermon by John Skipp, his wife Anne's Almoner, on Passion Sunday at Greenwich. The man actually had the temerity to insult him! He had talked about King Solomon who was immoral in his last years and took 'wives and concubines'. There was no doubt that Skip was referring to Henry!
Thomas Cromwell was also extremely angry because the sermon was a thinly disguised attack on his bill for the dissolution of the smaller monasteries and it must have been approved by Anne herself. Skipp was obviously defending the clergy who he felt were treated as if they were all guilty. He compared them to the Jews in the Bible story who were persecuted by the evil and greedy councillor Haman. This was certainly meant to be a reference to Cromwell.
The only one who may have been pleased was Anne who Skipp compared with the good Queen Esther who saved the Jews and hanged the mendacious Haman. Unfortunately, she had no way of knowing that her fight with Cromwell would be the beginning of her downfall.
Anne was angry about the dissolution of the monasteries because she had thought that that its purpose was reform and the bill referred to using the confiscated assets for the pleasure of Almighty God and to help maintain people of good learning and educational institutions. Instead, she discovered that Henry and Cromwell were selling the highly-valued assets to the Crown, selling off monastery land cheaply to nobles and merchants and using proceeds to shore up defences. Cromwell may also have siphoned some of the money for himself.
The Queen wanted the monasteries to be reformed or converted to educational foundations. She also wanted the money from any dissolutions to be committed to university bursaries and scholarships to train clergymen or given to the poor. She may even have personally requested the King to preserve Catesby Abbey but he refused because the nuns could not support themselves. (However, Elizabeth Norton thinks that it was Jane Seymour who made the appeal). She also gave English prayer books to the nuns at Syon Priory after giving them a lecture about using Latin primers.
According to Eric Ives, Chapuys wrote that Cromwell actually tried to conciliate Anne by moderating the dissolution, but Henry, seeing the coffers of gold, opposed this. Cromwell's desire for an imperial alliance also boded badly for the poor Queen. The final straw was the King's liking for the quiet and sedate Jane Seymour. Cromwell would have to choose...