Wednesday, September 21, 2022

The “High Life” in High Society: The Queen’s Iconic Dance in Ghana

 








Queen Elizabeth II’s iconic dance with the President of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, on her 1961 tour is one of my favourite scenes in the series“The Crown”. The real Queen Elizabeth’s dance with a black African leader created headlines around the world, and she received high praise for changing the course of history by turning Nkrumah away from linking with the Soviet Union, and sending a powerful anti-racist message. However, controversy remains, especially amongst some Africans, about whether the dance really was such an important event.

The Queen wanted to visit Ghana in 1959, seeing it as her duty to the Commonwealth. However, her pregnancy with Prince Andrew put paid to that visit. Nkrumah was very upset. He told Lord Charteris that: ‘I put all my happiness into this tour. Had you told me my mother had just died you could not have given me a greater shock’.1. It was a different story in 1961. Macmillan, concerned about Nkrumah’s closeness to the Soviet Union and the possibility that he might even use her not going to leave the Commonwealth, advised her to visit Ghana. There were also concerns about anti-British feeling growing stronger if President Kennedy withdrew financial support for the Volta Dam, a huge hydro-electric project vital for Ghana’s economy, and the likelihood of the Soviets funding it. There were even fears that she ‘might throw in her hand’ if her activities were restricted.

President Kwame Nkrumah was the first black African leader to lead his country to independence, but he also installed a dictatorship, and single party rule. The Queen’s proposed trip to a dictatorship where there was much anti-British feeling caused consternation in the government. The Left was concerned about Nkrumah’s government’s lack of concern for human rights, and the Right feared that the Queen would be attacked. Winston Churchill even strongly suggested to Prime Minister Macmillan that he should advise her not to go, for both these reasons. He wrote that he had ‘the impression that there is widespread uneasiness both over the physical safety of the Queen and, perhaps more, because her visit would seem to endorse a regime which has imprisoned hundreds of opposition members without trial, and which is thoroughly authoritarian in tendency.’ 2.

Five days before the visit, there were explosions in Ghana’s capital, Accra, and a statue of Nkrumah was hit. However, even this didn’t put the Queen off the trip, and doing her duty to the Commonwealth, and she was growing impatient with the situation. According to some journalists, she had told Cabinet ‘with some vehemence, that she ‘did not know how she could carry on if they did not allow her to go’.3.  She also said: ‘How silly I should look if I was scared to visit Ghana, and Khrushchev went and had a reception’.4.

In Akkra, the Queen told Nkrumah that nations of the Commonwealth could disagree without having to leave. Looking regal and beautiful in her white gown and tiara, the Queen danced the traditional Ghanian dance, the ‘high life’ with the President, and pictures of the dance appeared in newspapers across the world. Some South African journalists were especially shocked.

Opinions differ about the effect of the dance. According to architect and historian Nat Nuno Amertiefo  the dance didn’t really change history. People were tiring of Nkrumah’s socialist government anyway because of the terrible economy, and corruption was so entrenched that there was even a state-run company set up to collect bribes from foreign businessmen. Also, the ties with the Soviet Union weren’t that close.5.

However, journalist Merriem Amellal Lalmas told France24 that ‘This image seems mundane today but, in this context, it was extremely avant-garde. It was a white woman dancing with a black man, it was the ruler of an empire dancing with a subject, as he was then considered, even if he is also the father of Pan-Africanism and Ghanian independence’.

After the Queen returned to England, Prime Minister Macmillan rang Kennedy about the Volta Dam. He said that: ‘I have risked my Queen. You must risk your money’. Funding soon came through for the dam, stymieing the Russians.6.

Arguably, the Queen’s visit did indeed play an important role in the history of Ghana



1. Lord Charteris: Interview quoted in Pimlott, Ben. Queen Elizabeth II and the Monarchy. Harper Collins, 2002. p. 305

2. (2022). Retrieved 21 September 2022, from Ghana Stories

3. Fairlie, H. (1963). Sunday Telegraph, quoted in Pimlott, Ben. Queen Elizabeth II and the Monarchy. Harper Collins, 2002. p.308

4. 2022). Retrieved 21 September 2022, from Ghana Stories

5. McDonnell, T. (2022). 'The Crown' Says One Dance Changed History. The Truth Isn't So Simple. NPR.org. Retrieved 21 September 2022, from Vetting the Crown: Did Queen Elizabeth II's Dance With Ghana's President Really Change History?

 6. (2022). Retrieved 21 September 2022, from Ghana Stories

 

 

 

Thursday, September 8, 2022

A Double Rainbow Welcomes The Queen Into Heaven

A double rainbow appeared shortly before the Queen died.

The Queen’s Christmas message 2021 - BBC News

'We will meet again' - The Queen's Coronavirus broadcast | BBC

Queen Elizabeth II Speech: State Opening Of Parliament (1960) | British ...

Dancing Queen | The Crown Season 2 Netflix

The impact of the Queen’s visit and a royal dance in Ghana – BBC News

The Christmas Broadcast, 1957. This Is Still A Very Pertinent Speech!

On This Day: 21 April 1947 - Princess Elizabeth's Incredibly Powerful 21st Birthday Speech..

Rare Footage Documents Queen Elizabeth's Coming of Age During Second Wor...

Young Princess Elizabeth Inspires Children During The Second World War

Buckingham Palace Announces The Death Of The Queen

The Palace announced that Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II passed away peacefully at  Balmoral on September 8, 2022:  the Royal Family website. She reigned for seventy amazing years, and died at the great age of 96.




Today is a day for reflection and remembrance of the life of our beloved Queen who promised to dedicate her whole life to the service of the Commonwealth on her twenty-first birthday on April 21, 1947, and fulfilled her promise.

We now welcome King Charles III. Long live the King.

I am going to post a series of the Queen's famous speeches now in a tribute to Her Majesty.

Saturday, March 12, 2022

Audacious Queen Anna of France

 

Statue of Anna at the Royal Abbey of St Vincent in Senlis

The official Twitter accounts of Ukraine and Russia had a spat about the historical origins of Anna of Kyiv in 2017 after Putin referred to her in a speech as 'Russian Ani'. Both Russians and Ukrainians claim this much-loved queen as their own, but Anna was not a queen in either country. Anna actually became the first queen of France when she married King Henry I.

Young and beautiful, Anna was one of the daughters of Yaroslav the 'Wise',  the Grand Prince of Kyiv 958 -1074 A.D.) and his wife Irina. They were strong believers in education, even for girls, so their daughters all studied maths, astronomy and Latin. Anna spoke several languages, and Henry was 'enchanted by her accomplishments'.

Legend has it that when Henry came to see Anna after her father accepted his second proposal on her behalf, she said, 'I hope that you're the king of France,' when he kissed her! The couple arrived in Paris in May, 1051. Everyone wants to be in Paris in springtime, except ... Anna, who was extremely disappointed by the town after her cosmopolitan and advanced hometown. She found Paris muddy and dirty with sewage in the streets! It also shocked Anna that the people didn't even know about stoves, and their dwellings were filled with smoke. Education was sadly lacking - Anna set about improving this by making the French literate, and the people had 'appalling customs'. Apparently, they didn't wash, and Anna is thought to have started the custom of bathing. She considered the French to be 'barbaric'.

Unfortunately, Anna's marriage was reputedly unhappy, and Henry was often away extending his kingdom. Anna performed administrative duties, signing important documents, and playing a powerful role in governance while Henry was away.

Anna named her son, the heir to the throne, Philip, a Greek name new to the kingdom. Her other children were Robert, Hugh and Emma. When Henry died, Anna was only 28 and she had to continue in her administrative role and also give advice because her young son was only nine. She really acted as Regent. Pope Nicholas II praised Anna for 'fullfilling royal duties with enviable fervour and remarkable intelligence'. Anna found time for romance, however.

While staying at Senlis castle, she met Count Raoul de Crespy de Valois who was also walking in the forest. The couple soon fell in love, and the count kidnapped her, and married her. But he was already married, and his wife complained to Pope Alexander II who excommunicated him, and ordered them to live apart. However, they refused to do that. The couple travelled with Philip, and advised him on his royal duties.

Anna founded the Royal Abbey of St Vincent of Senlis, probably to atone for her sins. She was a very pious woman so her unlawful marriage must have upset her. There is a statue of Anna placed there by the people of France who loved her very much. Now there is even a centre devoted to her, and to relations between Ukraine and France.




Tuesday, January 4, 2022

The Queen's 2021 Christmas Speech

The Queen's Christmas Message

 <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/T3ACe_3eKnw" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>

The Lion and The Tiger. Magnificent Queen Marie at the Peace Conference of 1919

 


Unidentified photographer http://www.tkinter.org/QueenMarie/Gallery/Marie83.htm


Stunned by Queen Marie of Romania’s golden-haired beauty, graciousness and charming manner, the French author Colette wrote that she ‘carried light within her’, after meeting her on the train when the Queen arrived in Paris. Queen Marie had travelled to Paris to meet the leaders of the 1919 Peace Conference in Paris, hoping to persuade them to honour the Treaty of 1916, and Romania’s territorial claims. Colette murmured after interviewing Queen Marie: ‘Happy the city of Paris, Majesty, who can welcome such a beautiful Queen,’ as she left Queen Marie’s train carriage.[i]

It has been a long hard road even for Queen Marie to arrive at this point. Romania suffered great privation because of the devastation of the Great War. Even the well-off struggled to survive, and famine afflicted the country. ‘We are now burning dried corncobs, and files of old newspapers in order to keep warm,’ the naval commander’s wife said. ‘We are reduced to living principally on beans, and musty cornmeal porridge’.[ii]


Prime Minister Bratianu ordered Romanian troops to occupy Transylvania, Bessarabia, Bukovina and the Dobruja, because he feared that the Allies would not honour the Treaty of 1916, which gave Romania all these territories. He wanted quick relief from the Allies. Unfortunately, the acquisition of these lands only meant that Romania obtained several more millions to feed, and made the country more susceptible to Communism, and revolution.

Warm-hearted, kindly Queen Marie, upset by the poverty stalking the country, visited destitute villages after the Armistice with food, and clothing. Sometimes her young relation Grand Duchess Marie joined her. She wrote that the pair often ‘came home long after dark, cold and wet’.[iii]

Romania’s problem with wanting the secret Treaty of 1916 with the Allies honoured was that it had been forced to arrange a separate peace with Germany. The PM also irritated the leaders of the conference by ‘playing them off each other’.[iv]Bratianu’s demands fell on deaf ears, and the Supreme Council rejected them. Also, Romania was only allowed two delegates to the Council, when some other smaller countries had three. The British PM, David Lloyd George asked: ‘Where the hell is that place (Transylvania) and why is Romania so anxious to get it?’

Seeing the bleak prospects for Romania, the French diplomat Saint Aulaire suggested that the Queen go to the conference, and the King agreed that her warm personality might impress the leaders there. Queen Marie was extremely anxious about her mission, but enthusiastic, and motivated to do her best. The Queen didn’t know what she was in for!

Staying at the luxurious Paris Ritz, Queen Marie impressed the French press who flocked to see her by offering to shake all their hands! Her next ordeal was a meeting with French PM Clemenceau, ‘the Tiger’. He immediately asked her about Romania’s agreement with Germany, and Queen Marie explained that the Allies even ‘encircled Romania, and that the country was‘treated like game’by both the Allies and the Entente. The fierce leader said that he liked her ‘speaking up’. When she told him that Romania wanted the whole Banat as part of its claims, he said that ‘it’s the lion’s share!’ Queen Marie said that that was why she came to ‘see his first cousin, the Tiger’, and laughed.[v] Bratianu admitted that the Queen had done more in a few days than he had in a month, or six weeks.

Queen Marie also visited England to make her case, hoping to receive support from her old beau, King George V, who had once been very keen on her. She managed to charm the press there as well, and Lord Curzon, acting Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs held an official dinner for her, so that she could plead her cause. Her old friend Winston Churchill was very sympathetic.

Back in France, she wanted to see President Wilson. Unfortunately, she didn’t ‘hit it off’ with him on her first visit, shocking him by talking about free love in Russia, but Mrs Wilson was impressed with her charm, and invited her to lunch. The President berated the Queen about pogroms in Romania, and she annoyed him by mentioning the ‘Negro’ and Japanese question in the U.S. These two were never going to become good friends!

Romania doubled in size, becoming the fifth largest country in Europe, largely due to the charming Queen’s efforts.

 

 



[i] Pakula, Hannah. The Last Romantic, Simon & Schuster, 2017.

[ii] Ibid., pl 297

[iii] Ibid., pl 299

[iv] Pakula, Hannah. The Last Romantic, Simon & Schuster, 2017, p. 303

 

 

[v] Ibid., p.312

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